Training is necessary as a form of preparation for finding and keeping a job in Catalan society. It improves the opportunities available to you by providing you with or refreshing your work-oriented knowledge and skills.

Training in Catalonia is divided into the categories of state-regulated training (formació reglada) and non-state-regulated training (formació no reglada). State-regulated training results in an official qualification being awarded, while non-state-regulated training does not.

State-regulated training corresponds to all compulsory free education (up to the age of 16), intermediate and advanced vocational training, higher secondary education, university education and the certification issued by official language schools.

The category of non-state-regulated training includes subsidised occupational training (formació ocupacional subvencionada). While it does not result in an official qualification being awarded, the objective of occupational training is to certify attendance, the number of hours of training received and the knowledge acquired. It provides knowledge for the purpose of doing a job or a task, or working in a certain trade, etc., through initial and advanced learning and retraining. Occupational training is fully subsidised. There are basically two kinds of such training:

A. Training for unemployed workers, which is provided by the Catalan Occupation Service (Servei d'Ocupació de Catalunya or SOC) through organisations with which it cooperates. To gain access to such training, it is necessary to be registered as an active jobseeker with the SOC and to have a valid work or residency permit. People who receive this training do not have to pay for it or the educational materials provided, and insurance for accidents must be made available to them.

Depending on the type of training activity carried out, a certain number of work experience placements in companies may be involved. The nature of some training activities means that students may be provided with a grant for transport or upkeep, depending on their individual circumstances.

B. Continuous training for workers who currently have a job. Continuous training courses may be arranged by companies for their employees, or through branches of unions and employers' organisations. All workers contribute part of their wages to meet the cost of such training, and they are therefore entitled to receive it.

Vocational training centres (escoles talleror ET and cases d'ofici or CO) and occupational workshops (tallers d'ocupació or TO) are public occupational programmes aimed at providing unemployed people with training and work, in the form of projects that serve public or general interests, and at aiding their integration into the labour market. The projects in question, which can last for between 6 and 24 months, are related to the restoration of heritage, environmental measures, caring for people, etc.

Vocational training centres are intended for unemployed young people under the age of 25, while occupational workshops are designed for unemployed people over the age 25, who must be registered with the Catalan Occupation Service (Servei d'Ocupació de Catalunya). The organisations that promote and carry out such projects include local bodies, foundations and non-profit organisations.

Information on the availability of occupational training subsidised by the labour force (població activa) can be found at

Information on access to the training in question is available from